CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21 – Chapters, Topics, Weightage

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21 – Chapters, Topics are available in detail in this article. All the course structure details are related to CBSE(Central Board Of Secondary Education)CBSE changes the syllabus year to year. So the latest syllabus is also having in this article. Check once in this article and start your preparation. You can download the CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus (सीबीएसई कक्षा 12 भूगोल पाठ्यक्रम)  for the regulation of 2020-21 – Chapters, Topics- PDF here. That may also know the CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

Below we have mentioned the CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020 -21 Marks weightage and units as well.

Download CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

PartsUnitsMarks
AFundamentals of Human Geography35 Marks
Unit 1: Human Geography30

 

 

 

Unit 2: People
Unit 3: Human Activities
Unit 4: Human settlements
Map Work5
BIndia: People and Economy35 Marks
Unit 1: People30 Marks

 

 

 

Unit 2: Human Settlements
Unit 3: Resources and Development
Unit 5: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and

problems

Map Work5
Total70 Marks
CPractical Work in Geography Part II30 Marks
Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping25
Practical Record Book and Viva Voce5

Units in CBSE Class 12 2021 Geography Syllabus Chapters, topics

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People

  • Population-distribution, density, and growth
  • Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change
  • Population Composition – age-sex pyramid; rural-urban composition
  • Human development – concept; selected indicators, international Comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities

  • Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some examples from selected countries
  • Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport, and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries
  • Quaternary activities-concept; people engaged in quaternary activities – case study from selected countries

Unit 4: Human Settlements

Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of megacities; problems of human settlements in developing countries

Part B:  India: People and Economy

Unit 1: People

  • Population: distribution, density, and growth; composition of
  • population – linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational regional variations in the growth of population
  • Migration: international, national-causes and consequences
  • Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns
  • Population, environment, and development

Unit 2: Human Settlements

Rural settlements – types and distribution

Urban settlements – types, distribution, and functional classification

Unit 3: Resources and Development

  • Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial, and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management
  • Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation
  • Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); the idea of sustainable development (case study)

Unit 5: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

  • Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal
  • Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums
  • Land degradation

Part C: Practical Work in Geography Part II

Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping

  • Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources
  • Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency
  • Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles, and flowchart; thematic maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleths maps
  • Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs, and other visual diagrams using computers

Download CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2019

  • Fundamentals of Human Geography
  • People and Economy
  • Practical Work

Click Here– Download the Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2019

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus Mark Weightage

Part A Marks
 

 

 

Fundamentals of Human Geography

 

 

 

Unit-1:  Human Geography30
Unit-2: People
Unit-3: Human Activities
Unit-4: Transport, Communication and Trade
Unit-5: Human settlements
Map and diagram5
Part B
 

 

 

 

India – People and Economy

Unit-6:  People30
Unit-7: Human Settlements
Unit-8:  Resources and Development
Unit-9: Transport, Communication, and International Trade
Unit-10:   Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems5
Part CMarks
Practical Work

 

 

Unit-1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping10
Unit-2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology Maps15
unit 3: Practical Record Book and Viva5
Total70 Marks

The time of an examination is 3 hours and marks are 70

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Units in CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus  & No. of Periods

  1. Fundamentals of Human Geography-(87 Periods)
  2. India – People and Economy-(78 Periods)
  3. Practical Work-(50 Periods)

Units in CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus Chapters, topics

Part-A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People

  • Population-distribution,density and growth
  • Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
  • Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition;
  • Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities

  • Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some examples from selected countries.297
  • Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro-based and mineral-based industries; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport, and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Quaternary activities-concept; people engaged in quaternary activities – a case study from selected countries.

Unit 4: Transport, Communication, and Trade

  • Land transport – roads, railways; trans-continental railways.
  • Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes.
  • Air transport- Intercontinental air routes.
  • Oil and gas pipelines.
  • Satellite communication and cyberspace- Importance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS.
  • International trade-Bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, the role of WTO in International trade.
  • Ocean: National rights and international treaties.

Unit 5: Human Settlements

  • Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of megacities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.
  • Map Work on the identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline/ Physical/Political map of the World. 05
Part B. India: People and Economy

Unit 6: People

  • Population: distribution, density, and growth; composition of the population – linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in the growth of population.
  • Migration: international, national-causes and consequences.
  • Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns.
  • Population, environment, and development.

Unit 7: Human Settlements

  • Rural settlements – types and distribution.
  • Urban settlements – types, distribution, and functional classification.
  • Unit 8: Resources and Development
  • Land resources- general land use; agricultural land use, Geographical conditions and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber), agricultural development and problems.298
  • Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management.
  • Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation.
  • Industries – types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; the impact of liberalization, privatisation, and globalisation on industrial location; industrial clusters.
  • Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); the idea of sustainable development (case study).

Unit 9: Transport, Communication, and International Trade

  • Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways, and airways: oil and gas pipelines; Geographical information and communication networks.
  • International trade- changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; seaports and their hinterland and airports.

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

  • Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal.
  • Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums.
  • Land degradation.
  • Map work on locating and labeling of features based on the above units on an outline map of India. 05 Marks
Part-C Practical Work

Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping

  • Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources.
  • Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency, deviation and rank correlation.
  • Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles, and flowchart; thematic maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleth maps.
  • Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers.

Unit 2: Field Study or Spatial Information Technology

  • Field visit and study: map orientation, observation and preparation of sketch; survey on any one of the local concerns; pollution, groundwater changes, land use and land-use changes, poverty, energy issues, soil degradation, impact of floods and drought, catchment area of school, Market survey and Household survey (any one topic of local concern may be taken up for the study; observation and questionnaire survey may be adopted for the data collection; collected data may be tabulated and analyzed with diagrams and maps). Students can be given different topics to get more insight into various problems of society.

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Also, Refer:

Download the Geography CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2019-19Click Here

Students don,t worry about the syllabus. This provided the CBSE Geography Class 12 Syllabus 2020-21 – Chapters, Topics in detail. In this, all information is completely related to CBSE(Central Board Of Secondary Education). Refer once this article and start your preparation for board examinations. And also we provided the PDF link also. Don’t forget to share it with your friends.

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