Elements of Mechanical Engineering Notes pdf – Download B.Tech 1st Year Study Material, Lecture Notes, Books

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Elements of Mechanical Engineering pdf Download Free

The content of this course shall provide the student with the basic concepts of various mechanical systems and exposes the student to a wide range of equipment and their utility in a practical situation. It shall provide the fundamental principles of materials, fuels, Steam, I.C. Engines, compressors, hydraulic machines and transmission systems that usually exist in any process plant.

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Element of Mechanical Engineering Question Paper


List of Reference Books for Element of Mechanical Engineering

  • The strength of Materials and Mechanics of Structures, B.C.Punmia, Standard Publications and distributions, 9th edition, 1991.
  •  Thermal Engineering, Ballaney, P.L., Khanna Publishers, 2003.
  •  Elements of Mechanical Engineering, A.R.Asrani, S.M.Bhatt and P.K.Shah, B.S. Publs.
  • Elements of Mechanical Engineering, M.L.Mathur, F.S.Metha&R.P.Tiwari Jain Brothers Publs., 2009.
  • Theory of Machines, S.S. Rattan, Tata McGraw Hil., 2004 & 2009.
  • A Textbook of Elements of Mechanical Engineering”,
    K R Gopalakrishna, Subhas Publishers, Bengaluru.2.
  • Elements of Mechanical Engineering”,  V K Manglik, PHI Learning Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2014.3. 
  • Automation, Production Systems, and CIM”,
    Mikell P Groover, PHI, 3 rd Edition.4 
  • Elements of Mechanical Engineering”,  K P Roy, S K Hazra Choudhury, and Nirjhar Roy, MediaPromoters and Publishers Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, 2012.5. 
  • A Textbook of Elements of Mechanical Engineering”, S Trymbaka Murthy, University Press(India) Pvt Ltd, 4th Edition, 2006.6.
  • Basic Mechanical Engineering”, Pravin Kumar, Pearson Education, 2013.7.

Element of Mechanical Engineering Syllabus- 1st Year


Stresses and strains: kinds of – stress-strains, elasticity and plasticity, Hooks law, stress-strain diagrams, modulus of elasticity, Poisson’s ratio, linear and volumetric strain, the relation between E, N, and K, bars of uniform strength, compound bars and temperature stresses.


Types of supports – loads – Shear force and bending moment for cantilever and simply supported beams without overhanging for all types of loads. Theory of simple bending, simple bending formula, Distribution of Flexural and Shear stress in Beam section – Shear stress formula – Shear stress distribution for some standard sections


Thin cylindrical shells: stress in cylindrical shells due to internal pressures, circumferential stress, longitudinal stress, design of thin cylindrical shells, spherical shells, change in dimension of the shell due to internal pressure, change in volume of the shell due to internal pressure. Thick Cylinders: Lame’s equation- cylinders subjected to inside and outside pressures columns and Struts.


Steam boilers and Reciprocating air compressors: Classification of boilers, essentialities of boilers, selection of different types of boilers, the study of boilers, boiler mountings and accessories. Reciprocating air compressors: uses of compressed air, work is done in single-stage and two-stage compression, inter cooling and simple problems.


Internal combustion engines: classification of IC engines, basic engine components and nomenclature, working principle of engines, Four strokes and two-stroke petrol and diesel engines, comparison of CI and SI engines, comparison of four-stroke and two-stroke engines, simple problems such as indicated power, brake power, friction power, specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency, indicated thermal efficiency and mechanical efficiency.


Transmission systems: Belts –Ropes and chain: belt and rope drives, velocity ratio, slip, length of the belt , open belt and cross belt drives, the ratio of friction tensions, centrifugal tension in a belt,
power transmitted by belts and ropes, initial tensions in the belt, simple problems. Gear trains: classification of gears, gear trains velocity ratio, simple, compound –reverted and epicyclic gear trains.

After completing the course, the student shall be able to determine:
• The stress/strain of a mechanical component subjected to loading.
• The performance of components like Boiler, I.C. Engine, Compressor, Steam/Hydraulic
turbine, Belt, Rope, and Gear.
• The type of mechanical component suitable for the required power transmission.

Element of Mechanical Engineering Review Questions

  • With a neat sketch briefly explain the Hydro-electric power plant.
  • Write the difference between Renewable & Non-Renewable energy resources.
  • Briefly, explain the construction & working of Lancashire Boiler with a neat sketch.
  • Define: i) Wet Steam; ii) Enthalpy of wet steam; iii) Dryness fraction.
  • Explain the De Laval’s Turbine and Parson’s Turbine with a neat sketch.
  • With a neat sketch explain the working principle of a Pelton wheel turbine.
  • With a neat sketch Briefly, explain the 4 stroke Diesel engine.
  • The following observations were obtained during a trial on a 4 stroke diesel engine. Cylinder diameter =25 cm, stroke of the piston = 40cm, crankshaft speed = 250 rpm, Brake load = 70 kg, brake drum diameter = 2m, Mean Effective pressure = 6 bar, Diesel oil consumption = 0.1 m3/ min, Specific gravity of diesel = 0.78, Calorific value of  diesel = 43,900 kJ/kg. Find Break Power, Indicated Power, Friction Power, Mechanical Efficiency, Break Thermal Efficiency, and Indicated Thermal Efficiency
  • Briefly, explain the construction & working of Vapor Compression Refrigeration.
  • Differentiate between Vapour Absorption and Vapour Compression Refrigeration.
  • What is air-conditioning? How is it achieved in a domestic air conditioner?
  • Explain the properties of good refrigerant.

Buy Element of Mechanical Engineering Books for 1st year Online at Amazon.in

Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • S.N. Lal (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 290 Pages - 05/28/2022 (Publication Date) - Cengage (Publisher)
 Element Of Mechanical Engineering 2007
  • Mathur M L (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 05/28/2022 (Publication Date) - Jain Brothers (Publisher)
  • M.M rathore (Author)
  • 675 Pages - 05/28/2022 (Publication Date) - DHANPAT RAI PUBLISHING COMPANY (P) LTD-NEW DELHI (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • Thipse, S. S. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 452 Pages - 08/31/2014 (Publication Date) - Jaico Publishing House (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering (GTU)
  • Singh Sadhu (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 531 Pages - 12/01/2010 (Publication Date) - S Chand & Company (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • Patil, H. G. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 184 Pages - 06/30/2015 (Publication Date) - I K International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering (As Per Latest Syllabus of AKTU (UPTU))
  • Manoj Kumar Verma (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 240 Pages - 01/01/2016 (Publication Date) - KHANNA PUBLISHERS (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering (PTU, Jalandhar)
  • R.K. Rajput (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 528 Pages - 01/01/2019 (Publication Date) - Laxmi Publications (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering

  • CBCS Scheme

  • VTU

  • Language Published: English

  • Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • K R Gopala Krishna (Author)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • Dr. D.S. Kumar (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 550 Pages - 01/01/2012 (Publication Date) - S K Kataria and Sons (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering (WIND)
  • J.K. Kittur, G.D. Gokak (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 296 Pages - 01/01/2014 (Publication Date) - Wiley (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • Manglik V.K (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 600 Pages - 01/01/2013 (Publication Date) - Prentice Hall India Learning Private Limited (Publisher)
Elements of Mechanical Engineering

  • Language Published: English
  • Mathur, Mehta Tiwari (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 05/28/2022 (Publication Date) - Jain Brothers (Publisher)

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