GATE Mock Test For Geology and Geophysics (GG) 2021

GATE Mock Test For Geology and Geophysics 2021: Check out GATE Mock Test For Geology and Geophysics (GG) 2021 – Free Online Test. GATE Applicants can surely have an Online Practice Exam or Free Mock Test Papers in Instrumentation Engineering(IN) from the below-provided links. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)  is an All India level online exam. Students who want to do Post Graduation can write this examination. Before appearing in the exam, each candidate must be aware of the exam pattern and should take the mock test. So for that need, we have provided the links to the Mock test here.

IN is the subject code of GATE Instrumentation Engineering(IN) Exam. We have discussed Aerospace Engg (AE), Agricultural Engineering(AR), chemistry(CY), Ecology & Evolution(EY). To score good marks one should surely have a GATE mock test. So here we have provided links to the mock test go through it.

GATE Mock Test For Geology and Geophysics(GG)

GATE Exam Pattern for GG

The GATE exam time duration is for THREE hours and it consists of total 65 quest’s for 100 marks.  The GATE exam for GG consists of 25 questions carrying ONE- mark each and 30 questions carrying TWO-marks each. The Question paper pattern may be of Multiple choice questions and Bit type answer question.

To score good marks and get Qualified in GATE one should have a lot of practice so for that reason we have provided some Online free Practice Papers.

GATE Geology Geophysics GG Negative Marking:

  • For 1 Mark Question, there shall be of 0.33 Negative Mark.
  • For 2 Marks Question, 0.66 Mark will be deducted.
  • There shall be NO Negative Marking for Numerical Answer Type Questions.

GATE GG Mock Test

It’s not an easy issue to crack GATE without having Mock Test. So for that reason, we have provided some online links for Mock test

Mock Test for GATE General Aptitude(GA)

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Mock Test for GATE Geology and Geophysics(GG)

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Mock Test for GATE Geology and Geophysics(GG)

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GATE GG Marks Weightage

As we know that GATE question paper is divided into TWO sections. As given below GATE score will be distributed for each section. 85% marks are covered by core syllabus. Here core syllabus is Geology and Geophysics.

GATE 2019 – 2020
Paper Pattern for Geology and Geophysics(GG)

Paper SectionsMarks Distribution
Subject Questions85% of the total marks.
General Aptitude15% of the total marks.

All the papers will have some questions that test the General Aptitude (Language and Analytical Skills), apart from the core subject of the paper.

General Aptitude Syllabus for GG

(COMMON TO ALL PAPERS)

Verbal Ability

  • English grammar
  • sentence completion
  • verbal analogies
  • word groups
  • instructions
  • critical reasoning and
  • verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability

  • Numerical computation
  • numerical estimation
  • numerical reasoning and
  • data interpretation.

GATE Syllabus for Geology and Geophysics (GG)

i) Under Geology section, there are several basic topics to be studied for the exam.

These will include-

Geomorphology – Geomorphic processes and agents; development and evolution of landforms in continental and oceanic settings; tectonic geomorphology.

Structural geology – Forces and mechanism of rock deformation; primary and secondary structures; geometry and genesis of planar and linear structures (bedding, cleavage, schistosity, lineation); folds, faults, joints, and unconformities; Stereographic projection; shear zones, thrusts, and superposed folding; basement cover relationship. Interpretation of geological maps.

Geochemistry – Cosmic abundance of elements; meteorites; geochemical evolution of the earth; geochemical cycles; distribution of major, minor, and trace elements in crust and mantle; elements of high temperature and low-temperature geochemical thermodynamics; isotopic evolution of the crust and the mantle, mantle reservoirs; geochemistry of water and water-rock interaction.

Crystallography and mineralogy– Elements of crystal symmetry, form, and twinning; crystallographic projection; crystal chemistry; classification of minerals, physical and optical properties of rock-forming minerals.

Geochemistry – Cosmic abundance of elements; meteorites; geochemical evolution of the earth; geochemical cycles; distribution of major, minor, and trace elements in crust and mantle; elements of high temperature and low-temperature geochemical thermodynamics; isotopic evolution of the crust and the mantle, mantle reservoirs; geochemistry of water and water-rock interaction.

Sedimentology– Texture, structure, and sedimentary processes; petrology of common sedimentary rocks; Sedimentary facies and environments, cyclicities in sedimentary succession; provenance and basin analysis. Important sedimentary basins of India.

Global tectonics – Plate motions, driving mechanisms, plate boundaries, supercontinent cycles.

Applied geology – physicomechanical properties of rocks and soils; rock index tests; Rock failure criteria (Mohr-Coulomb, Griffith and Hoek-Brown criteria); shear strength of rock discontinuities; rock mass classifications (RMR and Q Systems); in-situ stresses; rocks as construction materials; geological factors in the construction of engineering structures including dams, tunnels, and excavation sites. Analysis of slope stability.

Natural hazards (landslide, volcanic, seismogenic, coastal) and mitigation. Principles of climate change Hydrogeology – Groundwater flow and exploration, well hydraulics and water quality.

Igneous petrology – Classification, forms, textures, and genesis of common igneous rocks; magmatic differentiation; binary and ternary phase diagrams; major and trace elements as monitors of partial melting and magma evolutionary processes. Mantle plumes, hotspots, and large igneous provinces.

II) Under Geophysics section, the topics to be covered are-

Solid-Earth Geophysics – The earth as a planet; different motions of the earth; gravity field of the earth, Clairaut’s theorem, size and shape of earth; geomagnetic field, paleomagnetism; Geothermics and heat flow; seismology and interior of the earth; variation of density, velocity, pressure, temperature, electrical and magnetic properties of the earth.

Earthquake Seismology – Elements of elasticity theory- stress and strain tensors, Generalized Hooke’s Law; Body and Surface Waves; Rotational, dilatational, irrational, and equivolumnal waves. Reflection and refraction of elastic waves; Inhomogeneous and evanescent waves and bounded waves;

Eikonal Equation and Ray theory; earthquakes-causes and measurements, magnitude and intensity, focal mechanisms; earthquake quantification, source characteristics, seismotectonics, and seismic hazards; digital seismographs, Earthquake statistics, wave propagation in elastic media, quantifying earthquake source from seismological data. Elements of Seismic Tomography.

Gravity Methods – Absolute and relative gravity measurements; Gravimeters; Land, airborne, shipborne and bore-hole gravity surveys; Tensorial Gravity sensors and surveys; various corrections for gravity data reduction – free air, Bouguer and isostatic anomalies; density estimates of rocks; regional and residual gravity separation; the principle of equivalent stratum; data enhancement techniques, upward and downward continuation; derivative maps, wavelength filtering; preparation and analysis of gravity maps; gravity anomalies and their interpretation – anomalies due to geometrical and irregular shaped bodies, depth rules, calculation of mass.

Potential and Time-Varying Fields – Scalar and vector potential fields; Laplace, Maxwell, and Helmholtz equations for solution of different types of boundary value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical polar coordinates; Green’s theorem; Image theory; integral equations in potential and time-varying field theory.

Electromagnetic Methods – Geo-electromagnetic spectrum; Biot Savart’s Law; Maxwell’s Equation,  Helmholtz Equation, Basic concept of EM induction in the earth, Skin-depth, elliptic polarization, in-phase, and quadrature components, phasor diagrams; Response function and response parameters;  Ground and Airborne Methods, measurements in different source-receiver configurations; Earth’s natural electromagnetic methods-telluric, geomagnetic depth sounding and magnetotellurics; Electromagnetic profiling and Sounding, Time-domain EM method; EM scale modeling, processing of EM data and interpretation; Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Methods; Effect of conducting overburden; Geological applications including groundwater, mineral environmental and hydrocarbon exploration.

Radioactive Methods – Prospecting and assaying of mineral (radioactive and non-radioactive) deposits, half-life, decay constant, radioactive equilibrium, G M counter, scintillation detector, semiconductor devices, application of radiometric for exploration, assaying, and radioactive waste disposal.

Geophysical signal processing – sampling theorem, Nyquist frequency, aliasing, Fourier series, periodic waveform, Fourier and Hilbert transform, Z-transform and wavelet transform; power spectrum, delta function, autocorrelation, cross-correlation, convolution, deconvolution, principles of digital filters, windows, poles, and zeros.

Geophysical Well Logging – Principles and techniques of geophysical well-logging, SP, resistivity, induction, gamma-ray, neutron, density, sonic, temperature, dip meter, caliper, nuclear magnetic resonance- longitudinal and transverse relaxation, CPMG sequence, porosity characterization, cement bond logging, micro-logs. Pulsed Neutron Devices and Spectroscopy; Multi-Array and Triaxial Induction Devices; Quantitative evaluation of formations from good logs; Logging while drilling; High angle and horizontal wells; Clay Quantification; Lithology and Porosity Estimation; Saturation and Permeability Estimation; application of borehole geophysics in groundwater, mineral and oil exploration.

Radioactive Methods – Prospecting and assaying of mineral (radioactive and non-radioactive) deposits, half-life, decay constant, radioactive equilibrium, G M counter, scintillation detector, semiconductor devices, application of radiometric for exploration, assaying, and radioactive waste disposal.

Geophysical Inversion – Basic concepts of forward and inverse problems, Ill-posedness of inverse problems, condition number, non-uniqueness and stability of solutions; L1, L2 and Lp norms, overdetermined, underdetermined and mixed determined inverse problems, quasi-linear and non-linear methods including Tikhonov’s regularization method, Singular Value Decomposition, Backus-Gilbert method, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, swarm intelligence, machine learning, and artificial neural networks. Statistics of misfit and likelihood, Bayesian construction of posterior probabilities, sparsity promoting L1 optimization. Ambiguity and uncertainty in geophysical interpretation

In this GATE Mock Test For Geology and Geophysics 2021 – Free Online Test, we have provided links to Online Tests or Free Mock Test. We have also provided the Links to Mock Test, the GATE exam pattern, Weightage & also Syllabus for Geology and Geophysics (GG)A student who wants to crack GATE can surely visit this and score good marks.

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