CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023 – Chapters, Topics, Weightage

CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023: Are you Looking for CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2023, Chapter, Topics ??? Then, you are on the right track. Those who are interested to know about the Information for Class XI CBSE Geography Syllabus 2023 may go through this article. As we have provided the details for CBSE Class 11 Syllabus. We all are aware that how important are the Class XI Exams in a student’s life. But students may not have to be worried about the CBSE Syllabus. Each and every detail is provided in this article related to the Central Board of Secondary Education. You just have to check out and read every detail to know about it.

CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023

CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus was not changed. The previous year’s syllabus was only continued this year also. So the download link of PDF format was also mentioned below.

Download CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023

The link was mentioned below for the candidates to download.

Download CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 21

CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023-20

Part – A   Fundamentals of Physical Geography – CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus  35 Marks
Unit-1 Geography as a discipline 30 Marks
Unit-2 The Earth
Unit-3 Landforms
Unit-4 Climate
Unit-5 Water (Oceans)
Unit-6 Life on the Earth
Map and diagram 5 Marks
Part – B India-Physical Environment 35 Marks
Unit-7 Introduction 30 Marks
Unit-8 Physiography
Unit-9 Climate, vegetation and soil
Unit-10 Natural hazards and Disasters
Map and Diagram 5 Marks


Part – C   Practical Work   30 Marks
Unit-1 Fundamentals of Maps 10 Marks
Unit-2 Topographic and Weather Maps 15 Marks
Practical Record Book and Viva 5 Marks

Part – A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit – 1: Geography as a Discipline

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
  • Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
  • Scope and Career Options

Unit – 2: The Earth

  • Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.
  • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types, and effects.

Unit – 3: Landforms

  • Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
  • Landforms and their evolution- Brief erosional and depositional features
  • Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion, and deposition; soil-formation.

Unit – 4: Climate

  • Atmosphere- composition, and structure; elements of weather and climate.
  • Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
  • Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist, and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
  • Climate and Global Concerns.
  • Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of the atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation, and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.

Unit – 5: Water (Oceans)

  • Basics of Oceanography
  • Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity.
  • Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
  • Ocean resources and pollution.

Unit – 6: Life on the Earth

Biosphere – the importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Map work on the identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.

Part – B: India – Physical Environment

Unit – 7: Introduction

  • Location, space relations, India’s place in the world.

Unit – 8: Physiography

  • Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.
  • Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.

Unit – 9: Climate, Vegetation, and Soil

  • Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wildlife; conservation; biosphere reserves.
  • Soils – major types (ICAR’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.
  • Weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds, and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset, and withdrawal, the variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts.

Unit – 10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences, and Management

  • Floods, Cloudbursts
  • Landslides
  • Earthquakes and Tsunami
  • Cyclones: features and impact
  • Droughts: types and impact

Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labeling on the Outline/Political/Physical

Map of India
Part – C: Practical Work

Unit – 1: Fundamentals of Maps

  • Geospatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.
  • Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection. (only two projections)
  • Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.

Unit – 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

  • Study of topographic maps (1: 50,000 or 1: 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross-section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
  • Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors, and data products, (photographic and digital).
  • Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.
  • Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; the difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features

Objectives  :

The course in Geography will help learners to :

  • Familiarise with key concepts, terminology and core principles of Geography.
  • Describe locations and correlate with Geographical Perspectives.
  • List/describe what students might see, hear, smell, at a place.
  • List/describe ways a place is linked to other places.
  • Analyze/describe how conditions in one place can affect nearby places.
  • Identify regions as places that are similar or connected.
  • Compare conditions and connections in one place to another.
  • Apply geographical knowledge and methods of inquiry to emerging situations or problems at different levels-local, regional, national and global.
  • Understand and analyses the inter-relationship between physical and human environments and utilize such knowledge in reflecting on issues related to the community.
  • Describe and interpret the spatial pattern features on a thematic map.
  • Search for, recognize and understand the processes and patterns of the spatial arrangement of the natural features as well as human aspects and phenomena on the earth’s surface.
  • Develop geographical skills, relating to the collection, processing, and analysis of spatial data/ information and preparation of reports including maps and graphs and use of computers where ever possible; and to be sensitive to issues.

Download CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023

Download PDF Link for CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2023        Click Here

Students need not have to worry about the Exam syllabus. As we have provided about CBSE Geography Class 11 Syllabus 2021 in this article. Once, check it and immediately start the preparation. Also, keep following us for such Updates and Do not forget to share this article with your friends. So, they may also know about CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2023 and they may also start preparing for the Exams. The curriculum for March 2019 exams is designed by CBSE, New Delhi as per NCERT textbooks for sessions 2020-21.

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