Essay on Chhath Puja in 10 Lines, 100 Words, 1000 Words

Essay on Chhath Puja – Chhath Puja is a prominent Hindu festival celebrated primarily in the Indian states of Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh. This sacred festival is dedicated to the worship of two deities: the Sun God, known as Surya Dev, and Chhathi Devi, also affectionately called Maiya or Mother. Chhath Puja is celebrated with great devotion and fervor and typically extends over a span of four days.

The word “Chhath” refers to the number six and signifies the festival’s observance on the sixth day of the lunar month of Kartika (usually in October or November) in the Hindu calendar.

The article we have given importance of Chhath Puja, historical significance and origin. For the sake of students, we have given the sample essays on Chhath Puja in 10 Lines, 100 Words, 500 words, 1000 Words.

Short Essay on Importance of Chhathi Maiya in Chhath Puja in 100 Words

Chhathi Maiya, a revered deity in Chhath Puja, holds immense importance in the hearts of devotees. In 100 words, we can highlight her significance:

Chhathi Maiya is an integral part of Chhath Puja, a Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun God, Surya. She is believed to protect children from diseases and grant them long, healthy lives. Devotees pray to her for maternal blessings, fertility, and protection of their offspring. Chhathi Maiya’s role showcases the deep connection between family, tradition, and culture. Her presence in the festival symbolizes the significance of maternal love, unity, and the continuation of life. Chhath Puja, with its veneration of Chhathi Maiya, emphasizes the cultural and emotional bonds that make it a cherished and revered celebration.

Also See – Elephant Essay in 10 lines, 100 & 1000 Words for Students

Chhath Puja Essay in English

Here is a brief essay about Chhath Puja would focus on this ancient Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun God and Chhathi Maiya. The festival is celebrated with various rituals and offerings to express gratitude and seek blessings. The essay can explore the customs, traditions, and the importance of Sun God worship, making it a concise but informative piece on Chhath Puja.

Chhath Puja: An Elaborate Celebration of the Sun God


Chhath Puja, one of the most significant and cherished festivals in India, is a four-day celebration dedicated to worshipping the Sun God, Surya, and Chhathi Maiya. This ancient Hindu festival is predominantly observed in the northern regions of India and has a rich cultural and spiritual heritage. Celebrated six days after Diwali, Chhath Puja is a grand spectacle that showcases the devotion and reverence of millions of devotees.

Story or History Behind Chhath Festival

The history of Chhath Puja is intertwined with ancient Vedic traditions and legends. Devotees fervently observe this festival, believing it to have originated during the Mahabharata period. According to historical accounts, Draupadi and the Pandavas were ardent worshippers of Surya, and they followed similar rituals to seek divine blessings.

The Chhath Puja rituals include holy bathing, fasting (vrata), standing in water, and offering prasad and arghya (water offering) to the rising and setting sun. Devotees also undertake a prostration march to the river banks, demonstrating their unwavering devotion.

In contemporary times, Chhath Puja has evolved into a grand festival that transcends regional boundaries. It promotes environmental consciousness, sustainable living, and spiritual awakening. The rituals and customs associated with Chhath Puja offer a profound connection between nature, devotion, and human life.

When is Chhath Puja Celebrated?

Chhath Puja is celebrated on the sixth day of the lunar month of Kartika (usually falling in October or November) in the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar. The festival extends over four days, with each day marked by unique rituals and traditions.

Day 1: Nahay Khay (Bathing and Eating)

The Chhath Puja rituals commence with Nahay Khay, where devotees take a dip in a river or other water bodies before preparing the traditional meal. They maintain a strict fast until after sunset when they partake in a feast of traditional and sattvic (pure) dishes.

Day 2: Kharna (Laghav)

On the second day, known as Kharna or Laghav, devotees fast from dawn until evening. They break their fast after offering a combination of kheer (rice pudding), puris (deep-fried bread), and bananas to the setting sun. The offered prasad is then distributed among the family and neighbors.

Day 3: Sandhya Arghya (Evening Offerings)

Sandhya Arghya, the third day, is the most significant day of Chhath Puja. Devotees gather on the banks of rivers or water bodies before sunrise. They offer arghya (water offerings) to the rising sun while standing in the water. This ritual is accompanied by chanting Vedic hymns and devotional songs. As the sun sets, another round of offerings is made to the setting sun, completing the day’s worship.

Day 4: Usha Arghya (Morning Offerings)

The final day of Chhath Puja, known as Usha Arghya, involves offering arghya to the rising sun. Devotees gather at the riverbank in the early morning, and with their offerings, they seek blessings for prosperity, good health, and well-being. The festival concludes as they break their day-long fast, marking the end of the rituals.

Significance and Importance

Chhath Puja holds immense significance for those who celebrate it. It is not just a religious festival but a way of life for the devotees. The rituals and traditions of Chhath Puja have profound cultural, spiritual, and environmental significance.

Cultural Significance: Chhath Puja brings people together, irrespective of their caste, creed, or social status. It promotes social harmony and unity, as devotees come to the riverbanks to offer their prayers and seek blessings.

Spiritual Significance: The festival signifies the reverence of devotees for the Sun God, who is considered the ultimate source of energy, health, and prosperity. It is an expression of their gratitude for the life-sustaining power of the sun.

Environmental Significance: Chhath Puja fosters environmental awareness and respect for nature. Devotees take a holistic approach to their rituals, as they stand in water and connect with the natural elements, emphasizing the ecological harmony between humans and their surroundings.

Chhath Maiya: The Divine Goddess

Chhathi Maiya, or Chhath Maiya, is also revered during Chhath Puja. She is considered to be an incarnation of Goddess Parvati. Devotees seek her blessings, believing that she protects children from diseases, ensuring their long lives and good health.

Chhath Puja in the Modern Context

In contemporary times, Chhath Puja has transcended regional boundaries and is celebrated with equal enthusiasm by urban and rural communities. It promotes eco-friendliness, sustainable living, and the preservation of cultural traditions.


Chhath Puja is a celebration that seamlessly combines cultural heritage, spiritual devotion, and environmental consciousness. It is a reflection of the profound connection between humanity and nature. As millions of devotees gather on the banks of rivers and water bodies to celebrate this festival, they reaffirm their commitment to preserving the planet and respecting the life-giving energy of the sun. Chhath Puja serves as a symbol of India’s rich cultural diversity and its reverence for the natural world that sustains life on Earth.

About Chhath Puja in 10 Lines

Chhath Puja, also known as Dala Chhath, is a unique and ancient Hindu festival that celebrates the worship of the Sun God and Chhathi Maiya, an incarnation of Goddess Parvati. This festival is primarily observed in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and the Terai region of Nepal.

  1. Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival dedicated to the worship of the sun god, Surya, and his sister Chhathi Maiya.
  2. It is celebrated to express gratitude for the life-sustaining energy provided by the sun.
  3. Chhath Puja involves a four-day ritual that includes holy bathing, fasting, and offering prayers to the rising and setting sun.
  4. Devotees strictly observe a vegetarian diet during the festival, avoiding salt, onions, and garlic.
  5. The festival is especially significant in the holy city of Varanasi and has historical references in the Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.
  6. Chhath Puja is celebrated in various parts of India, with a particular focus in Bihar, Jharkhand, and parts of Uttar Pradesh.
  7. It is a time of great devotion and reverence, and devotees often gather at riverbanks and water bodies to perform the rituals.
  8. Chhath Puja promotes the concept of environmental preservation and harnesses the sun’s energy for healing and well-being.
  9. The festival holds deep cultural and spiritual significance and is a time for family gatherings and community bonding.
  10. Chhath Puja is a celebration of the sun’s life-giving force and the blessings of Chhathi Maiya for children’s health and well-being.

Essay on Chhath Puja Festival Rituals and Celebrations in 500 Words

Chhath Puja is a unique and spiritually enriching festival that exemplifies the union of nature, devotion, and human life. It stands as a testament to the time-honored traditions and cultural heritage of India. The festival’s rituals and customs are observed with utmost dedication, emphasizing faith, purity, and the harmonious relationship between humans and the elements of nature, particularly the sun.

Chhath Puja: A Celebration of Sun Worship and Nature

Chhath Puja, one of the most ancient and revered Hindu festivals, is primarily celebrated in the northern regions of India, especially in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and the Terai region of Nepal. This festival is a four-day long celebration dedicated to the worship of the Sun God, Surya, and Chhathi Maiya, an incarnation of Goddess Parvati. It falls in the lunar month of Kartik, which typically corresponds to October or November in the Gregorian calendar.

Historical and Mythological Significance:

According to the Ramayana, Lord Rama and Sita observed a fast and offered their prayers to the Sun God during their return to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana. The Mahabharata also mentions the Kunti sisters, who practiced Chhath to seek blessings for their sons. These references establish Chhath Puja as a sacred and age-old tradition.

The Chhath Puja rituals and celebrations are a testament to the deep-rooted connection between nature and spirituality in Indian culture. Here’s an overview of the festival’s customs and traditions:

  1. Nahay Khay (First Day): The festival begins with devotees taking a dip in a river or any water body, followed by a special meal known as ‘kharna.’ This meal includes cooked rice and jaggery, which are essential parts of the Chhath Puja offerings.
  2. Lohanda and Kharna (Second Day): On the second day, fasting without water, known as ‘vrat,’ is observed from sunrise to sunset. The evening sees the preparation of prasad (offerings), which includes thekua (a sweet dish), fruits, sugarcane, and coconuts. These offerings are used during the main Chhath rituals.
  3. Sanjhiya Arghya (Third Day – Evening): As the sun sets, devotees, mostly women, head to the riverbanks, ponds, or any clean water source. They stand in the water and offer arghya (prayers) to the setting sun. The rituals are accompanied by the singing of traditional Chhath songs, or Chhath geet, which are integral to the celebrations.
  4. Usha Arghya (Fourth Day – Morning): The final day of Chhath Puja begins before dawn. Devotees gather by the water bodies to offer prayers and arghya to the rising sun. This is the most significant part of the festival, as it symbolizes the offering of thanks to the Sun God for sustaining life on Earth. The rising sun is considered the source of energy, health, and prosperity.

Chhath Puja holds immense cultural significance as it honors the life-sustaining power of the sun and the blessings of Chhathi Maiya. The festival emphasizes purity, discipline, and harmony with nature. It is a reflection of the deep spiritual connection that Indians have with the environment.

In recent years, Chhath Puja has garnered interest and participation from people beyond its traditional regions, making it a national celebration that showcases India’s rich cultural diversity. This eco-friendly festival encourages environmental consciousness, sustainable living, and spiritual awakening.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *